At a conference I attended in London in October, a well-respected human rights activist talking about LGBT issues responded from the podium to a question about the importance of taking into account the rights of older people. Her comment – and I am paraphrasing – was that the best thing for advancing the rights of LGBT people would be to get rid of older people.
The response from the audience was chuckles and laughter at the joke. Indeed, you may also see some humour in this. No one should be above poking a bit of fun at themselves.
The question we need to ask however is: what would our reactions have been if she swapped the words ‘older people’ for women, or blacks, or disabled people, or Jews?
The fact is that it is somehow acceptable to discriminate against someone on the basis of their older age in ways which we would never dream of doing for other parts of society.
Inquiry into the rights of older people
The UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Ageing is holding a much-need inquiry into the rights of older people. The timing for this couldn’t be better because the rights of older people have long been sidelined and need greater attention.
At its simplest, the reason why this inquiry is taking place, is that we need to reframe our perceptions of people as they get older. We need to move away from thinking of older people only in terms of needing welfare and being less capable, of being a drain on society. We need to give back to older people the respect and dignity we all expect to have in society at any age simply for being people, for being rights holders.
Rights for older people – no matter where they live
It is helpful to have in mind the face of someone we know, or an image of a specific person whose plight has affected us. But it is also important to remember that this is not about one specific group of older people. This is about what happens to any person as they go through life’s journey. This is about the younger person of today and the preparations we make for the life they will lead when they get older. It is also about the older women and men of today who are not getting the social and healthcare or the financial protection they so desperately need.
Nor is it only about older people here in the UK. More than half of the world’s older people today live in developing countries and this will increase to 80% by 2050. We cannot discuss ageing or older people’s rights without taking into account where the vast majority of older people actually live.
The need for strengthening the protection of human rights for older people is a daily reality for older people no matter where they live in the world. Ageism and age discrimination is pervasive and has damaging effects. Research shows us that demeaning and degrading attitudes towards older people actually has a physiological effect and reduces cognition – simply telling someone that they are less capable, or speaking to them in a certain way, can help make this a reality.
Human rights abuses come in many forms
There are many types of human rights abuses that older people face around the globe. Some are very familiar to us – financial abuse, the lack of economic security, being excluded from decisions that affect our lives; and some are extreme such as attacks with machetes against older women for being witches; or being kicked out of one’s home, or losing one’s property, for being a widow.
Protecting human rights for older people also means recognising that a person’s right to health does not diminish with older age and that one’s health can continue to improve in later life. There is no automatic correlation between a person’s chronological age and their health and well-being. Yes, our bodies change and yes, living with multiple chronic conditions is a normal part of ageing – but so is being physically active, contributing to the life of one’s household, family and community. The World Health Organisation rightly identifies that all people should be treated as inherently capable and potentially vulnerable.
How should our society tackle this issue?
The real issue is how we respond as a society to these situations. This is the backdrop to the APPG’s inquiry – how do we respond?
At an international level, a UN discussion is taking place about whether there should be a legally binding human rights treaty or convention that provides the clarity and motivation for governments to do more to protect the rights of older women and men. A convention has the support of many UN member states, but needs many more to become a reality.
It is also about doing everything in our power today to ensure that the existing laws and measures get used to their fullest extent. Protecting human rights comes down to awareness, treating people with respect, having the right laws and making sure they get implemented. We are hopeful that the APPG’s inquiry can make a useful contribution for bringing this about.